- Catenative Verb
- Compound Verb
- Notes on Verbs
- Phrasal Verb
- Sequence of Tenses (SOT)
- Serial Verbs
- Ten Types of Verbs
- VP Deletion
Examples and Observations:
- "V[erb] P[hrase]s can be identified by . . . substitution procedures. Consider the sentence Lou cried, where cried constitutes the VP. Among many others, the following strings can substitute for cried in the slot Lou _____. They thus fit the frame and are VPs (the verb in each VP is italicized):
Lou fell.(Edward Finegan, Language: Its Structure and Use, 5th ed. Thomson Wadsworth, 2008)
Lou lost the race,
Lou won a prize for his efforts in the tournament.
 I was reading the letter to John.". . . I will make two crude assumptions (i) and (ii) about what is inside the verb phrase , along with the verb (which is its head) . . ..
(i) The verb phrase contains anything which follows the verb within the same sentence.Based on these assumptions, the only word in  which is not in the verb phrase is the word I, this being the noun phrase which preceds the verb. The verb phrase thus takes up most of the sentence."
(ii) The verb phrase contains the auxiliary verbs which precede the verb (i.e. words like might, could, should, have, be and do) and the negation word not.
(Nigel Fabb, Sentence Structure, 2nd ed. Routledge, 2005)
- "The verb is the easiest constituent to recognize because of its formal characteristics. The verb of the sentence takes the form of a verb phrase, and the first or only word in the verb phrase indicates present or past tense. Thus, like is present in  and liked is past in [1a]:
 I like the music.In  have is present tense even though have thanked refers to past time:
[1a] I liked the music.
 I have thanked them for the gift.In contrast, had is past tense:
[2a] I had thanked them for the gift.In [2a] had thanked is the verb phrase, and thanked is the main verb. The phrase can be replaced by the one word thanked, in which case thanked is past tense and its corresponding present is thank.
[2b] I thanked them for the gift.(Sidney Greenbaum, The Oxford English Grammar. Oxford Univ. Press, 1996)
[2c] I thank them for the gift.
- Putting auxiliary verbs in order
In the sentence Immigration figures may have been rising, the main verb rising follows three auxiliaries: may, have, and been. Together these auxiliaries and main verb make up a verb phrase.
- May is a modal that indicates possibility; it is followed by the base form of a verb.
- Have is an auxiliary verb that in this case indicates the perfect tense; it must be followed by a past participle (been).
- Any form of be, when it is followed by a present participle ending in -ing (such as rising), indicates the progressive tense.
- Be followed by a past participle, as in New immigration policies have been passed in recent years, indicates the passive voice.
"Only one modal is permitted in a verb phrase."
(Andrea Lunsford, The St. Martin's Handbook, 6th ed. Bedford/St. Martin's, 2008)