- What Are Interrupters (You Know, Like This One) Doing in Our Prose?
- Discontinuity (Grammar)
- Discourse Marker
- Exercise in Punctuating Nonrestrictive Elements
- List and Series
- Nonrestrictive and Restrictive Elements
Examples and Observations:
- "Perhaps the most unusual track is 'Compulsion,' a marvellous extended funk workout which sounds--I kid you not--like Blondie's 'Rapture' being covered by LCD Soundsystem."
(Dave Simpson, "Doves: The Pop Tortoise That Finally Beat the Hare." The Guardian music blog, Mar. 16, 2009)
- "So how can the less obsessive--er, organized--among us better manage our money?"
(Ismat Sarah Mangla, "Discover Your Budget Style." Money, June 2009)
- "Nehi was the pop of small towns--I don't know why--and it had the intensest flavor and most vivid colors of any products yet cleared by the Food and Drug Administration for human consumption."
(Bill Bryson, The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid. Broadway Books, 2006)
- "Below the moon, the houses opposite her window blazed back in transparent shadow; and something--was it a coin or a ring?--glittered half-way across the chalk-white street."
(Elizabeth Bowen, "Mysterious Kor." The Demon Lover and Other Stories, 1945)
- "A-Rod, popping up, takes a backward step, bumps the upper part of his bat with his fist--bad bat--turns left and lifts his chin on departure, as if he were counting the house."
(Roger Angell, "The Yankees Are Dead." The New Yorker, October 19, 2012)
- "Did you know--this is a little-known fact but absolute truth--that when they dedicate a new multistory car park, the Lord Mayor and his wife have a ceremonial pee in the stairwell? It's true."
(Bill Bryson, Notes From a Small Island. Doubleday, 1995)
- "Long term, car loans and--you guessed it--home loans will be much harder to come by."
(Barbara Kiviat, "Walking Away From Your Mortgage." Time, June 19, 2008)
- "The Norman Conquests is so damned funny (though grounded, as Ayckbourn's comedy always is, in real emotion) that it may simply perpetuate the misconception of Ayckbourn as a skilled boulevard entertainer. Which would leave American audiences still largely ignorant of the astonishing body of work by--controversial pronouncement alert!--the greatest living English-language playwright."
(Richard Zoglin, "Man of the Moment." Time, May 4, 2009)
- "[H]is wish may be granted by an upcoming story line that finds (MAJOR SPOILER ALERT) George marching off to war as an Army medic."
(Michael Ausiello, "Bye, George! Is 'Grey's' killing off T.R. Knight?" EW.com, Apr. 13, 2009)
- Interrupting Phrases and the Conversational Style
"[S]entence interruptions may flow naturally from a speaking style. In the following example, Sebastian Junger seems to be speaking to his readers:
She keeps trying--what else is there to do?--and Stimpson goes back on deck to try to keep the Satori pointed into the seas. (154)Even in Lewis Thomas's sentence below, the interruption has the air of speech:
I bring up these shoals of numbers and their repeated cycles, when reduced to single digits, not out of vanity (although I admit to some self-indulgence) but rather the opposite: to disclose that I cannot be a mathematician. (167)The purpose of interruptions is usually to add information. . . .
"How writers punctuate interruptions depends on how much separation and emphasis they want. . . . Commas usually give the least amount of separation and emphasis, dashes more so. Parentheses give greater separation but usually less emphasis."
(Donna Gorrell, Style and Difference. Houghton Mifflin, 2005)
- Count 'em
"Count 'em [is a] cliche often seen in parenthesis after a number is mentioned. For example, an article referred to 'the seminal Andrex puppy advent calendar with 25--count 'em--puppy pictures . . ..'"
(David Marsh and Amelia Hodsdon, Guardian Style, 3rd ed. Guardian Books, 2010)