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Richard Nordquist

Stinky Pinkies, Apodioxis, and Denominal Nouns: There's a Name for It (#23)

By January 4, 2013

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In our extensive Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms, you'll find a name for . . .

  • a noun formed from another noun, usually by adding a suffix--such as New Yorker (from New York) and booklet (from book): denominal noun

  • a rhyming epithet, such as glad dad for a happy father, or wild child for an uncontrollable youngster: stinky pinky

  • the use of would or was/were going to to refer to the future from the perspective of some point in the past: future-in-the-past

  • the tendency of participants in a conversation to use a common vocabulary and similar sentence structures: linguistic style matching

  • the four syntactic characteristics that distinguish auxiliary verbs from lexical verbs in English (negation, inversion, code, emphasis): NICE properties

  • the rejection of an opponent's argument or accusation as absurd or inconsequential: apodioxis

  • the dialectal use of the adverb anymore (or any more) in positive constructions to mean "at this time" (e.g., "I tire easily anymore"): positive "anymore"

  • the tendency of speakers and writers to express known information (the "given") before previously unknown information (the "new") in their messages: given-before-new principle

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