In our extensive Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms, you'll find a name for . . .
- a noun formed from another noun, usually by adding a suffix--such as New Yorker (from New York) and booklet (from book): denominal noun
- a rhyming epithet, such as glad dad for a happy father, or wild child for an uncontrollable youngster: stinky pinky
- the use of would or was/were going to to refer to the future from the perspective of some point in the past: future-in-the-past
- the tendency of participants in a conversation to use a common vocabulary and similar sentence structures: linguistic style matching
- the four syntactic characteristics that distinguish auxiliary verbs from lexical verbs in English (negation, inversion, code, emphasis): NICE properties
- the rejection of an opponent's argument or accusation as absurd or inconsequential: apodioxis
- the dialectal use of the adverb anymore (or any more) in positive constructions to mean "at this time" (e.g., "I tire easily anymore"): positive "anymore"
- the tendency of speakers and writers to express known information (the "given") before previously unknown information (the "new") in their messages: given-before-new principle
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