The collection and evaluation of information about a particular subject.
- Research Paper
- Choosing a Style Manual and Documentation Guide
- Confirmation Bias
- Critical Essay
- Discovery Strategies (Heuristics)
- Literature Review
- "Look at Your Fish!" by Samuel H. Scudder
- Primary Source
- "Quote . . . Misquote": The Challenge of Verifying Quotations
- Secondary Source
- Writer's Notebook
Etymology:From the Old French, "to search, examine"
- "Research is formalized curiosity. It is poking and prying with a purpose."
(Zora Neale Hurston, Dust Tracks on a Road, 1942)
- "Poking a dead raccoon is not research."
(Bart Simpson, The Simpsons)
- "College research assignments are an opportunity for you to contribute to an intellectual inquiry or debate. Most college assignments ask you to pose a question worth exploring, to read widely in search of possible answers, to interpret what you read, to draw reasoned conclusions, and to support those conclusions with valid and well-documented evidence. Such assignments may at first seem overwhelming, but if you pose a question that intrigues you and approach it like a detective, with genuine curiosity, you will soon learn how rewarding research can be. . . .
"Admittedly, the process takes time: time for researching and time for drafting, revising, and documenting the paper in the style recommended by your instructor. Before beginning a research project, you should set a realistic schedule of deadlines."
(Diana Hacker, The Bedford Handbook, 6th ed. Bedford/St. Martin's, 2002)
- "Beginning researchers need to start by using the seven steps listed below. The path is not always linear, but these steps provide a framework for conducting research. . . .
- Define your research question
- Ask for help
- Develop a research strategy and locate resources
- Use effective search techniques
- Read critically, synthesize, and seek meaning
- Understand the scholarly communication process and cite sources
- Critically evaluate sources"