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Regular and Irregular Verbs

Although fewer than 200 verbs are classified as "irregular," these include some of the most common words in English. Here we look at different verb forms and examine the principal parts of regular and irregular verbs.

Ten Types of Verbs
Generally, it makes more sense to define a verb by what it does rather than by what it is. Here, by identifying 10 types of verbs, we'll briefly consider some of their more common functions as well.

Forming the Past Tense of Regular Verbs
Because all regular verbs in the past tense have the same ending, these verb forms are the easiest to remember.

Practice in Writing Imperative Sentences: Using Base Forms of Verbs
This sentence-completion exercise will give you practice in using the base forms of verbs in imperative sentences.

Practice in Using the Correct Present and Past Forms of "Be"
This sentence-completion exercise will give you practice in using the correct present and past forms of the verb "to be."

Practice in Using the Past Forms of Regular and Irregular Verbs
This exercise, based on a passage from Richard Wright's "Black Boy," will give you practice in using the correct past forms of regular verbs and irregular verbs.

The Present-Perfect Tense: Using Auxiliaries with the Past Participle
Once you understand how to form the past tense of regular verbs, you shouldn't find it difficult to use verbs in the present-perfect tense. All you'll need to add is an auxiliary verb--"has" or "have."

Combining Sentences in the Present Perfect
This combining exercise has two steps: first, you will convert the base forms of verbs to the present perfect; next, you will combine the sentences in the exercise into a coherent paragraph.

Irregular Verbs
Find out what distinguishes an "irregular" verb from a "regular" verb.

Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs A-G
In this table you will find the principal parts of the most common irregular verbs in English (from A to G).

Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs H-S
In this table you will find the principal parts of the most common irregular verbs in English (from H to S).

Principal Parts of Irregular Verbs S-W
In this table you will find the principal parts of the most common irregular verbs in English (from S to W).

Notes on "Do"
As an auxiliary verb, "do" is sometimes called an "empty" verb or a "dummy operator" because it has no meaning of its own. But do have some respect for this dummy. As we'll see, "do" stays busy. Here are ten things you can do with the verb "do."

Editing Exercise: Correcting Problems With Irregular Verbs
Complete this editing exercise after you have reviewed our Introduction to Irregular Verbs.

Proofreading for Errors in Verb Tense
After you have reviewed our pages on regular and irregular verbs, give these five proofreading exercises a try.

Proofreading Practice: Identifying and Correcting Verb Tense Errors
This proofreading exercise will give you practice in identifying and correcting verb tense errors.

Verb Tense Exercise: Using the Past Forms of Regular Verbs
In this two-part exercise, you will (1) select the correct form of the regular verb in parentheses, and (2) combine the sentences in the exercise into a cohesive paragraph.

Exercise in Using the Past Forms of Verbs
In this two-part exercise in using the past forms of regular and irregular verbs, you will (1) select the correct form of the verb in parentheses, and (2) combine the sentences in the exercise into a cohesive paragraph.

Exercise: Recasting a Paragraph in the Past Tense I
This exercise will give you practice in using the appropriate past-tense forms of regular and irregular verbs.

Exercise: Recasting a Paragraph in the Past Tense II
This recasting exercise, based on a paragraph by William Gass, will give you practice in using the appropriate past-tense forms of regular and irregular verbs.

Building an Essay With Regular and Irregular Verbs
This two-part exercise will give you practice is using the past forms of regular verbs and irregular verbs.

Quiz on Commonly Confused Verbs and Verb Forms
This sentence-completion quiz will give you practice in using the correct forms of several commonly confused verbs.

Identifying Verbals
Verbals--which include participles, gerunds, and infinitives--are the forms of a verb that function as other parts of speech. This exercise will give you practice in recognizing verbals.

Exercise: Using Verbs in the Past Tense
This exercise is based on two paragraphs from "Hunger of Memory," the autobiography of Mexican-American Richard Rodriguez. The exercise will give you practice in using the correct past forms of regular verbs and irregular verbs.

What Is a Present Participle?
In one respect, the present participle is a simple, straightforward construction. Whether "laughing" or "crying," "rising" or "falling," it's formed by adding "-ing" to the base form of a verb. No exceptions. But after that, it gets a bit more complicated.

Present Progressive & Present Participle: What's the Difference?
Find out what distinguishes a present participle ("singing," for instance) from the present progressive tense ("is singing").

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