- Does the English Language Have a Future Tense?
- Future Perfect
- Future Progressive
- Progressive Aspect
Examples and Observations:
- "To have a goal is the important thing, and to work toward it. Then, if you decide you wish to do something different, you will at least have been moving, you will have been going somewhere, you will have been learning."
(Louis L'Amour, The Lonesome Gods)
- As of tomorrow, I will have been living in Savannah for 30 years.
- "I shall not be very busy at that time, as I shall have been working continuously all the spring."
(Bertrand Russell, Autobiography)
- Future perfect progressive tense indicates an ongoing event that will be completed by a certain point in the future:
The party will have been going for ages by the time we arrive.The pattern for forming future progressive tense is as follows:
In just half an hour from now, we will have been working for 14 hours straight.
will have been + present participleTo form the negative, place not between the auxiliaries will and have. To form a question, move will to the beginning of the sentence, in front of the subject:
They will have been preparing the food.(Jeffrey Coghill and Stacy Magedanz, English Grammar. Wiley, 2003)
Will they have been preparing the food?
They will not have been preparing the food.
- "The future perfect progressive, formed with will + have + been and a present participle, expresses an action that will continue into the future up to a specific time. The duration of the action is usually specified in a time expression with for. The point at which the action will be complete often is stated in the simple present tense in a subordinate clause introduced by when or by the time (that), as in (68a).
(68)a. He will have been studying and practicing medicine for over ten years when he finally completes his residency next month.The future perfect progressive tends not to be used much in either spoken or written English."
b. By March, we will have been using the new system for a full year.
(Ron Cowan, The Teacher's Grammar of English: A Course Book and Reference Guide. Cambridge Univ. Press, 2008)